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Platts European Crude Swaps Market Commentary - 12Dec19

New York (Platts)--12Dec19/0730 pm EST/ 0030 GMT


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A forward price is the price today for an obligation to be performed on a specified date in the future. This may be for the physical delivery of a commodity to a specified location, or the financial exchange of fixed price and floating price payments with reference to a notional quantity of a commodity.

A forward price curve shows tradable prices for the same obligation for a series of future dates. It is not a forecast. A forward price curve plots the current price points for the same obligation over a range of dates. It is a measure of market prices at the date of the curve for a series of future performance dates.

Volatility is a rate at which the price of a security (or commodity) changes over time. It shows the range to which the price of a security may increase or decrease, and as such is an indicator of the risk of a security. It is used in option pricing formulae to gauge the fluctuations in the returns of the underlying assets.

Historic Volatility is commonly measured by calculating the standard deviation of the annualized returns over a given period of time.

Implied Volatility, derived from the current market prices of options, is that value of the volatility of the underlying asset (like a forward contract) which, when input in an option pricing model (such as Black–Scholes) will return a theoretical value equal to the current market price of the option.


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